Honor Roll
AMMS Officers Call
Name That Chief
AMMS Alumni Found A-C
AMMS Alumni Found D-F
AMMS Alumni Found G-I
AMMS Alumni Found J-L
AMMS Alumni Found M-O
AMMS Alumni Found P-R
AMMS Alumni Found - S-U
AMMS Alumni Found V-Z
AMMS Alumni Lost
The Wives Corner
A Little Bit of History
Alumni Photo Album
AMMS Bases
AMMS Flea Market
AMMS History
Organizational Chart
AMMS Publications
Reunion News
AMMS Squadron Awards
Squadron Memories
B-52 - A Missile Platform
Missile Training School
Know All The Trivia?
GAM-72/ADM-20 History
GAM-77/AGM-28 History
Information Please
Lets Get Technical
Missileman Badges
Missiles On Display
Missile Restoration
Missile Memos
MSET is Coming
Operation ARC Light
Patch Shoppe
Photo Downloads
Troops on the Web
War Stories & More
Women in the Dog House
Contact Us






Button-Honor Roll

Davis-Monthan AFB Memories

100th Airborne Missile Maintenance Squadron

100th AMMS

Squadron History

Time Line                     Factoid  

July 1964               4080th Deployed to Ben Hoa

Aug 20 1964           1st Drone Flight

Jun 25 1966           100th AMMS activated

Jan 1970                Deployed to Osan AB Korea

July 11 1970          DC130/Drone deployed to U Tapoa

Nov 1972               Deployed to NKP

Apr 30 1975            Last Drone Flight

May 1975               Depart SE Asia

Jun 1975                Depart South Korea

Jun 30 1976            100th AMMS deactivated

100th AMMS
100th SRW
4080 SRW

History Revisited

By: David Matthews
Fairborn, OH

The 100th AMMS began in 1962 when a small cadre of personnel with drone experience was assigned to the 4080th  Strategic Wing at Davis-Monthan AFB. The wing designation changed shortly after to the 100th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, and the reconnaissance drone detachment became the 100th AMMS. The 100th SRW operated the U-2 aircraft in several locations worldwide, and the addition of the AMMS` reconnaissance drones fit the wing`s mission. The AMMS was manned from other AMMS units, taking advantage of the fact that the number of Hounddog squadrons was being reduced. At the same time, 'orphans` from Mace, Atlas, and other SAC programs were also brought on board. After a very short training period, the 100th set up operating locations at Kadena AFB, Okinawa,  Bien Hoa AB, SVN, and Danang AB, SVN. The Kadena operation only lasted a few months in 1963/4. The first operational mission out of Bien Hoa took place on 20 August 1964. The facilities at Bien Hoa included hangar space for checkout and refurbishment of the drones after each flight, as well as space for build-up of replacements (that`s why we didn`t put a man in it, right?). The Bien Hoa operation included two DC-130A (later DC-130E) aircraft, each capable of carrying two drones, and usually eight or ten built-up drones. The operation at Danang was the recovery center after flight, and was the home of the ground-based command guidance trailer as well as the two CH-3 mid-air recovery helicopters. The drones were brought into Danang after recovery, post-flighted and rehung on the DC-130 for return to Bien Hoa. After several rocket hits on the DC-130s and the U-2s, the 100th moved the main operating base to U Tapao AB, Thailand in July of 1970. Not long afterward, the recovery operation moved from Danang to Nakon Phanom (NKP) Thailand. Operations continued at these sites until peace broke out, with the last operational flight taking place on 30 April, 1975. Missions flown in Viet Nam were under the nickname Buffalo Hunter, and included photo intelligence, electronic intelligence, and even, during Linebacker II, leaflet dropping. Over 3000 operational sorties were flown over the combat area, with about 500 losses (251 confirmed "killed"). 

After the USS Pueblo incident, and the shooting down of a US Navy EC-121 electronic intelligence aircraft, the 100th was tasked to set up an operating location at Osan AB, Republic of South Korea. This mission, called Combat Dawn, lasted from Feb, 1970 to June, 1975, and was entirely devoted to electronic intelligence activities. 

In 1976, the manned reconnaissance mission was consolidated by moving the U-2 aircraft to Beale AFB, CA. SAC disbanded the 100th AMMS, and the reconnaissance drones, now called RPVs, were turned over to TAC. Most of the SAC personnel were retained by SAC, either at  D-M in the Titan wing, or by reassignment to SRAM or Minuteman units. 

NOTE: Several members of the 100th AMMS accumulated more than 1600 days of TDY in Viet Nam during the 64-70 time frame!

A photo of a AQM34R off of Korea

A DC-130E with 2 AQM-34L's
Taking off from U-Tapao, Thailand

A Tiger by the Tail



RPV's of the 100th AMMS

Drones of the 100th AMMS


A DC-130E at Edwards AFB with the Drone models
maintained by the 100th AMMS.

This model was an upgrade to the 34L. It added LORAN guidance and a radar altimeter, both of which added to much better low altitude photography.   It carried a camera that was loaded with 6400 feet of 70MM film. The M flew 304 missions over NVN, with only 16 losses from all causes,
This was our low altitude workhorse. This model flew 1651 missions over North Viet Nam, we lost 211 of them to all causes.

This version had a wet wing, external fuel tanks, a larger engine, and a signal intelligence package in place of cameras. It was used to gather communications signals beyond the horizon of ground stations. The Q and R models combined for over 480 sorties with a total of 30 losses to all causes.
AQM-34M Drone with a Sparrow Missile-T

AQM-34M Drone with a Sparrow Missile
Photograph courtesy of Ray Nairn

Drones Test But Later Cancelled


This was the first true stealth aircraft ever built (the SR-71 was very visible in infrared). Very high altitude photo. Even though it has a 52 foot wingspan, it was airlaunch (DC-130E) only. 
SAC possessed them, but never deployed overseas.

This model could be air or ground-launched, and could carry Maverick, Stubby HOBO, or Shrike, as well as 500 LB bombs. Never left test stage.
BGM-34A's with it's potential ordinance
This was a supersonic target. Even though it carries the Firebee (34) number, it was all new.
Not in SAC.

This photo shows a BQM-34 Firebee II drone being carried aloft under the wing of NASA’s B-52 mothership during a 1977 research flight. The Firebee/DAST research program ran from 1977 to 1983 at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California.

Hootch at Ton Son Nhut after being hit by a 122mm rocket.  Photo courtesy of Jim Benjamin

Click here for a article on "Drones in Southeast Asia”

Click on the link below to visit  the new website dedicated to the troops that served in the 100th AMMS.

Past Our Prime


100th AMMS Troops Today


Troops Assigned to 100th AMMS


NOTICE: The following format will be used on all  future updates to the website:  Last name, first name, middle initial (in bold print), address, telephone number, email address (with a link to contact you), bases assigned to along with dates.   Individuals that are deceased will have a gold star placed in front of their names.  If there is any information that you do not want published with your listing, please indicate that when you submit your updates.

Abney, Dan -
Adams, Jim, Newfield, NY
Ahumada, Edward, B., 713 Dana Dr. , Converse, TX, 78109-1503, Phone: (210) 945-2850, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB ( 72-75), Edwards AFB ( 75-83), England AFB ( 83-89), Clark AB (89-91), Nortan AFB  (91-92)
Anastasia, Raymond A., PO Box 941418, Maitland, FL 32794, Phone: N/A, Email:, Squadron: Tyndall AFB, (67), Davis-Monthan AFB, (67-70)
Anderson, Warren D. -
Andrews, Jacob - Tucson, AZ
Apilado, Rudy M. ----Lompoc, CA
Baird, Dave (Col) -
Bardill, Mark -
Benjamin, Jim----Tucson, AZ
Beck, Carl---Oro VAlley, AZ
Benjamin, Jim S., 2161 Resort Way N Apt D, Prescott, AZ, Phone: (520) 245-6799, Email:, Squadron: Mt Home AFB (67), Ton Son Nhut AB (68), Davis Monthan AFB (69-74)
Bennett,Rodney O. -
Bently, Jim -
Bergman, Bob -
Bickner, Lawrence -
Biddle,George-----------Tucson AZ
Bigelow Jr., Richiard E. -
Black, George -----Tucson, AZ
Black, Webster S. -
Blaylock, James “Rod” -
Bodovinac, John-----Denver, CO
Boggs, Jerry -
1-star Bonsmann, Fred----------Deceased
 Bortnyk, George, P.,  , Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (67–70)
Bowers, Roy F.
Boyd, Jerry -
Boyd, Larry A. -
Bradley, Stewart C. (Major) -
Brown, Elwyn B. -
Brown, William M., 252 Richmond St., New Bedford MA 02740, Phone: (508) 998-8178, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (72-74)
Budovinic, John -
Bunch, Pappy -
Burell, John A. -
Burdette, Cliff -
1-star Butcher, Richard - Deceased
Caliri, Tony -
Cannon III, Joseph M. -
Carangelo, Albert (Big Al),  PO Box 100088, Palm Bay, FL 32910, Phone (321) 725-3955, Davis-Monthan AFB (67-76)
Carpenter, Albert------
Carpenter, John, Address: 1516 Bonnie Castle Way, Las Vegas,NV 89108, Phone: +1 (702) 609-8986, Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (63-67)
1-star Carter, James D. - Deceased
Cashion, James D-----------Deltona FL
Ching, Lloyd A., Address: 3608 Pierida St. #201, Las Vegas, NV, Phone: 7024030966, Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (72-79)
Christenson, Gary -
Cisneros, Jose------Albequerque NM
Clark, Dennis -
Clark, Karl -
Clineman, Jerry -
Coats, Roy------Clayton, NC
Colby, Walter E. - 
Cole, on -
Collado, Enrique F. (Rick), 1431 S. 100th St., Seattle, WA 98168, Phone: (206) 763-1184, Email:, Squadron: Glasgow AFB (62-68), Davis-Monthan AFB ( 68-70)
Collins, Lyle -
Cook, Whitney T. -
Cool, Don “Big Daddy” -
Conley, Edward---Milton, FL
Conrad, Wayne -
Conway, Philip L----Tucson, AZ
1-star Craig, Jerry --Deceased
Crenshaw, Harrel. "Buck"----Pasadena, CA
1-star Crosson, Gene---Deceased
Curtis III, Lewis E., Address: 996 Mason Woods Dr, CityStateZip: Atlanta, GA 30329, Phone: +1 (404) 248-9468, Email: , Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (65-67)
Couey, Did -
Cutts, Bill -
Czupich, Fred C. -
Dalton, Robert E. -
Darton, Ed R. -
Daugherty, Rodney C., Address: 110 Cyrus Dam Dr., Wheatland, CA 95692, Phone: (530) 633-2258, Email:,  Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (70-75), Beale AFB (85)
Dawson, Lee -
Davis, Charles B -----Williamsburg, KY
Day, David M. -
1-star Defrate, Robert A. - Deceased
Deutsch, Gregory -
Dickerson, Earl------Moreno Valley , CA
Dietz, Jack -
Dintelman, Roy -
Dixon, Bruce -
Dixon, James E. -
Doherty, Joe----Tucson, AZ
Dolliver, Charles -
Domzalski, Mark ---------Placitas, NM
Donohoo, Steve -
Drake, Ray E. -
Driscoll Jr.\, Paul V.
Dressel, Tom -
Driscoll, Paul -
Dulaney, John M., 4369 Wellington Road, Melbourne, FL 32935, Phone: (321) 242-2626, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB
Dunn, Creevy -
Eastman, Russ -
Ellis, Eugene -
1-star Epps, Dickie ----Deceased
1-star Erickson, Dave _--Deceased
Edwards, Bill -
Ferrell, Jerry F.
Fasser, William J. -
Fields, Lonie M. -
1-star Fiordalis, Joseph A. - Deceased
Fitzgerald, Mark -
Ford, Phillip L-----------Lugoff SC
Foreman, Cliffton D. -
Foresman, Dennis -
Foxhoven, Harlold J. -
Frady, John W., 1818 286th Lane  Q202, Federal Way , Washington 98003, Phone: 206-601-9112, Fairchild AFB (67-71)
Franklin, Don “ DJ” -
Frazier, William A.  -
Frye, Jim
Frith, Robert W-----------Layton, UT
Frost, Gary W. -
Fuller, Count Carmin----Austin, TX
Gary, Donald H.  -
Gary, Durrick -
Garrett, James -
Gallo Jr., John J., Address: 18 Carriage Square, Tules Run, Montoursville, PA 17754-9101, Phone: (570) 433-4775, Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (69-72)
Goldsby, Claude W., 2748 NE Yellowpine Road, Prineville, OR 97754, Phone: (541) 447 4964, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (63-74
Grady, J. O. - (Tech Rep)
Graham, Pete -
Greenwalt, Ken -
Gregory, -
Greenwalt, Ken -
Grimm, Michael -
Groshek, Randy----Franklin, WI
1-star Guilliam, Fred ---Deceased
1-star Haack, Leonard E. - Deceased
Hadley, Gary -
Hall David A.
Hallock, Charlie -
Hamm, Walter----Mary Esther, FL
Hammer Sr., Gary E.------Vail, AZ
Hamontree, Paul---Tucson, AZ
Handrich, Fred -
Haner, Roger W. ---St. John, WA
Hansen, Bill -
Harmas, David E., 3115 Savoy Way, Sarasota, FL 34232, Phone:  N/A, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB, Osan AB  (71-72)
Harris, Ernie-----------Tucson AZ
Harrison, George W., 4001 Terrytown Ct, Upper Marlboro, MD 20772-3441, Phone: N/A, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB
Harveill Jr., Earl W. -
Haupt, (Gen)
Hayman, Randolph P. -
High, Travis W.
Hilton, Jimmy -
Hinkle, Daniel R., 3451 N Val Vista Rd, Apache Junction AZ 85219, Phone: (480) 266-6208, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (73-79)
Hinkle, Lester -
Hinkley, Orvilee G. -
Hickson, Ron
Hodges, James B.  -
Hollon, Joe -
Honeywell, Dave -
Hopp, Henry -
Horton, Bruce -
Houghton, James P.
Hubbard, Larry _
Hughes, Jim -
Humphries, Pat -
Hunter, Kenneth L., 22216 Peoria St.,  Greenview, IL 62642, Phone: (217) 445-2023, Email:,  Squadron:  Davis Monthan AFB
Jackson, Alan B.
Jackson, Eugene---Tucson, AZ
January, Johnnie E.-----Tucson, AZ
Johnson, Dick
Johnson, Howard -
Johnson, Jaun-----Mesa, AZ
Johnson, Kirby C. -
Johnson, Robert  -
1-star Jones, Brian E. --- Deceased
Jones Sr., Robert L., 1062 Calle Pecos, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360, Phone: (805) 498-5322, Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB
July, Doug -
Jung, Stephen A. -
Kaplin, Lawrence -
kata, Joseph B. (Lt. Col) -
Keith, John W. -
Ketchum, Tom-----Tucson, AZ
King, Donald A.  -
Koblinsky, Bob - Tucson, AZ
Kolody, Dave “Odie” -
Krok, Robert -
Kruse, John G. (Lt.) -
Langrell, Larry -
Lassiter, Robert L----Fort Worth, TX
Laverty, John -
1-star Ledbetter, Shirley E-----------Deceased
Lee, Larry -
Lewis, Eddie -
Lewis Jr., Martin Boyd, Address: 1966 Simms Reach Rd., CityStateZip: Kingstree, SC 29556, Phone: +1 (843)382-8301, Email:, Davis Monthan AFB
Locher, Kenneth R. -
Lockwood, Charles “Chuck-----Fruitland, FL
Long, Warren “Louie” ----Tucson, AZ
Love, Clancy -
1-star Lovelady, Billy-----------Deceased
Lynch, Richard J. ----Spring Creek, NV
Mackenzie, Ed -
Mahaffey, James H. -
Malone, Charles E. -
Malone,  Steve----Lancaster, OH
Mann, Clifford “ Lefty”
Marazo, Louis .E.
Maslo, Thomas, 20836 Hall Rd #168, Clinton Twp, MI 48038, Phone: (586) 329-3106, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (68-73)
Matthews, David A. 229 Palmer Drive, Fairborn, OH 45324, Phone: (937) 879-2621, Email:, Squadron: Turner AFB (65-67), Wright Patterson AFB (67-68/68-71), Homestead AFB (68), Davis Monthan AFB (71-79)
Mauter, Ron -
Maxey, August W. -
Mayo, Rodney----------Carlisle, OH
McCafferty, Jerry----Tucson, AZ
McClead, Edward E. -
McCrea Brandy -
McCormick, Ken -
McDougal, Roger----Austin, TX
McFadden, William -
McLaughlin Jr., Thomas F. 17136 County Road 3302, Brownsboro, TX 75756, Phone: (903) 353-4383, Email:, Squadron: Loring AFB (73-74), Davis Monthan AFB (74-76)
Merow, Bob -
Meehan, Dallas----Lady Lake, FL
1-star Melland, Norn ---Deceased
Miles, Andy
Mills, Willie -
1-star Minor, Dave ---Deceased
1-star Minor, Don - Deceased
Mitchell, Luther W. -
Mitchum, Chuck -
Moony, Steve -
Morazo, Lou -
Morey, Alvin L----Clearfield, UT
Morris, Charlie -
Morton, (Col) -
Motes, James E., 2056 Neveah Ave NW, Palm Bay, Florida  32907, Phone: (321) 914-6704, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB, AZ  (69-76)
Motter, E. R. - (Tech Rep)
Mucklebust, Marvin----Tucson, AZ (Tech Rep)
Murphy, Gary L.
Nadine, Wright A. “Andy”----San Antonio, TX
Nairn, Raymond D.---Oxnard, CA
Nawrocki, Ron -
Nervik, Mike-----Vail, AZ
Neylon, Jennings D. -
Nuss, Carol E. -
1-star O'Toole, Charles ---Deceased
Odum, Terry Michael (Odie)---Lakeland, FL
Olare, Donald K. -
Osborne, Earl -
Ottman, Thomas G., 3401 Marl Place, : Columbus, OH  43221, Phone: N/A, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB(66-69)
Overall, Wesley R. -
Owens, John -
Owell, Edward M. -
Owens, Ted - (Tech Rep)
Owstany, Albert -
Palmer, Gene C,  407 Reynolda Place, Goldsboro, NC 27530, Phone: (919) 736-2539, Email:, Squadron: Davis-Monthan AFB (66-75)
Pederson, Gerald----Tucson, AZ
Peluso, Richard L., 3367 Mahlon Moore Road, Spring Hill, TN 37174, Phone: (931) 487-9088,  Homestead (63-66), Davis Monthan AFB (66-72)
Pensonneaut, Lousi N. -=
Peterson, “Pete” -
Phillips Jr. , Arnold L.  -
Pickle, Ray -
Pierce, Larry -
Pitsinger, Orville B. -
Plumb, Robert----Tucson, AZ
Preston, Harold W. -
Powell, Edward M. -
Ragland, Billy----Tucson, AZ
Ramp, (Col) -
Raymond, Gene (Tech Rep)
Reeves, Ronald -
Rhodes, Earlye T.,  215 McRae Dr., Anacoco, LA 71403, Phone: (337) 238-4515, Davis Monthan, Elsworth AFB, Dyess AFB-
Rice, James E. 
1-star Rietz, Roy ---Deceased
Robin, Dana -
Roberts, Earl -
Roberts, Richard A. -
Robin, Dana L. -
Robinson, Robert E. “Robie” -
1-star Rodriquez, Dave---Deceased
Roen, Larry----Temple, AZ
Roessleer, Kenneth R. -
Rogers, Dave -
Romdall, Monty L.  _
Rosenow, Danny -
Rosser, Gerriella A. -
Rosser, Michael V. -
Rubio, Hector -
Rutan, John -
Sanderson, William
Sainz, Louis -
Sanders, Leslie -
Sanderson, William -
Schmidt, Carl -
Schmidt, Hallard S.
Schot, Andrew -
Schulte, Richard -
Scott, William “Scotty”-------Las Vegas NV
Seiler, Raymond -
Serbin, Roberto C. -
Shelman, James G. -
Sheets, Michael L. -
Shock, Michael E. -
Scholars Jr., Philip E. (Capt)
Sickles, Scott L. -
Silver, Chuck -
Simms, John W. ---------Santa Maria, CA
Smith, Bill -
Smith, Geoffrey R.-----Bowling Green
Smith, Herbert FP-----Orcutt, CA
Smith, Jerry D. -
Smith, Vincent G.----Ft. Walton Beach, FL
Smith, William C. --Green Vally, AZ
Sonnter, Jimmy -
Sorenson, Eugene E. -
Sorensen, John E. -
Spencer, Linda M. -
1-star Spencer, William Dale----Deceased
Sproule, William D. -
Stanton, Terrell L. -
Stegall, Danny D. P. -
1-star Stewart, M. J. “Red” --Deceased
Stieber, Phil -
Stoffel, John R. ---------- Seattle WA
Stration, (Col) -
Streeter, David W., Address: 1351 N. Arbor Circle, Tucson, AZ, Phone: +1 (520) 885-5302, Email:, Squadron: Davis Monthan AFB (74-78)
Strong, Frank W. -
Sullivan, Elmer (Lee), 977 Courtney Valley St., Henderson, NV, Phone: 7024920977, Email:, Squadron: Tyndall AFB 1961-67; Davis-Monthan AFB 1967-74; Hill AFB 1974-81 retired Hill AFB Gov't contractor 1981-1994; Edwards AFB Gov't contractor 1994 - 2002; Gov't contractor Nellis AFB, Range 2002- 2007
Tate, James -
Taylor, Condie J. -
Tinder, Sherman -
Tobin, Pat -
Todd, R. L. - Tech Rep)
Tolden, Robert -
Thomson, Glen L. -
Tonz, John J. (Col) ----Tucson, AZ
Toscano, Ernest -
Truelove, Jim -
Truelove, Mike -
1-star Truitt, Jerry L. - Deceased
Tubbs, Frederic M-----------Goldsboro NC
Tune, Clyde -
Ubibi, Trinidad -
Utter, Jr., Oakley E. -
Vancelli, Terrence J. -
Van Horn, Gary -
1-star VanLandingham, Kim A.-Deceased
Van Meter, George -
Vazquez, Louis “Skip” -
Vogt, Gene -
Wagner, Frank----Tucson, AZ
Wall, Ed -
Wallace, Lorn A. -
Wallace, Randy -
1-star Warren, ---Deceased
Webb, Leroy  -
Webb, Olan
Webber, Bernie -
Webster, Lorenzo -
Weck, Werner -
Welch, Hugh -
Welch, Steven R., Tucson, AZ,  Email:,  Squadron: K.I. Sawyer AFB (73-75), Davis-Monthan AFB (75-76)
Wells, Kenny
1-star Wells, Wilbur C.  - Deceased
Wessinger, Larry -
Wigley, Mike
Wilcox, Robert R. -
Wilhelmi, Francis -
Wilkins, Lawrence F “Butch” .----Ishpeming, MI
Williams, Jim -
Williamson, Bob -
Williamson, Roger W. -
Wilson, Ken -
Wineburg, Gene -
Wisely, Dick -
Wood, B. H. -
1-star Woods, Dennis - Deceased
Wood, Ron -
Woodstock, John R. (Bob)-----Blariesville, GA
Wrench, Dean -
Young, Jim -
Young, Larry D. -
Young, Paul V., 150 Mizar Place, Lompoc, CA 93436, Phone: N/A, Email:, Squadron: Fairchild AFB, Davis Monthan AFB, Wright-Patterson, AFB,  Vandenberg AFB
1-star Yunger, Tom --Deceased
Yungkirth, Howard -
Zimmerman, William J.
Zink, Charles R., 612 Lord Dunmore Dr., Virginia Beach, VA 23464-2623, Davis Monthan AFB


Visitors since August 27, 2005

EF Logo

Copyright 2005-2014, Enchanted Forest Web Page Design Service. All rights reserved.
“Promoting Michigan Businesses & Organizations Since 1997”
“A Veteran Owned and Operated Business”

3980 Curtisville Road, South Branch, Michigan 48761
Phone: (989) 726-4416, Email:
Last updated on:  Thursday, December 18, 2014, Number of pages:  165